All posts by Mark Andrews

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2022 Weekly Bulletin Week 4

The ball goes out of bounds

Notice that the rule says nothing about keeping the clock running when a runner goes out of bounds on his own, goes out laterally, or goes out of bounds on his own backwards (I’ve been told each of these many times during the course of my officiating career). The only time that we don’t stop the clock when a runner goes out of bounds is when the runner’s forward progress was clearly stopped inbounds and then the runner is subsequently pushed out of bounds. THAT’S IT. Stopping forward progress causes the ball to become dead, therefore the subsequent crossing of the sideline occurs during dead ball action and is not a ball going out of bounds. We have many crews who make it a point of emphasis to keep the clock running when the ball goes OOB. That philosophy is in direct conflict with the rule book, and you are definitely cheating the kids out of time.

Now, if you’ve got a 40-0 blowout and the game just wants to end, I can understand keeping the clock running. But other than that, if you are winding when you should be killing the clock, you are violating the rule book and cheating the kids out of time they deserve. Don’t be that guy or girl.

A less impactful but still an action that results in cheating the kids out of time is when R is winding the clock immediately after a 1st down is declared. The clock should not be wound until the ball is ready for play.

Rule 3-4-2 States “The game clock shall start with the ready-for-play signal on a down beginning with a snap if the game clock was stopped for any reason other than specified in Rule 3-4-3 or an untimed down:

  1. 3-6-1b States: The ball is ready for play:
    1. When the ball has been placed for a down and the referee marks the ball ready for play after giving the ready-for-play signal as in 3-6-1a(1);
    2. Starting immediately after the ball has been ruled dead by a game official after a down, the ball has been placed on the ground by the game official and the game official has stepped away to position as in 3-6-1a(2).

This means that if A achieves the line to gain inbounds, the game clock should start once the ball is properly placed for the next play and the game official has stepped away to position. If the ball is ruled out of bounds. The game clock starts on the snap.


  • The Clock is a Crew Mechanic – Here are just two examples of when an official is the primary official on the crew for monitoring the clock:
    • Time Out – If you award a time out you are the primary official to be sure clock is stopped and the correct time if it doesn’t stop right away.
    • Penalty – If you call a foul, you are the primary official to be sure clock is stopped and the correct time if it doesn’t stop.
      You may be the ONLY official on the crew that has knowledge of the instant a time out or foul has been called!


  • UNS vs Personal Foul– I have heard that there is sentiment among certain crew chiefs that illegal personal contact fouls as in 9-4 are being penalized as UNS in order to “send a message” and have the player at risk of being ejected.  Please do not do this.  If a player is ejected, then I will not be able to support the ejection by rule.  If a player is a constant challenge, then any personal foul can be elevated to flagrant if there is a risk to the opponent of severe injury.  It’s possible the second personal foul by the player is deemed flagrant.
  • Disconcerting Act– LB threatens the offensive line several times in an intimidating way as the offense is in punt formation.  This is a relatively new foul.  Dead ball foul and a 5-yard penalty.  Do you know the signal?  It’s the old Illegal Equipment signal.
  • Tips for Head Linesmen– Always check the chains!  Recently a HL, during the pre-game instructions to the chain crew, checked the length of the chains and discovered they were two lengths too long.  A plastic zip tie was used to make the adjustment prior to the start of the game.  Do you carry a zip tie in your pocket or better yet in the lining of your hat?
  • Inbounds Spot Following a Free Kick – Team A can only designate the lateral position of the snap following a touchback. The inbounds spot for a free kick out of bounds when the penalty is accepted is the nearest hash mark (4-3-5).
  • Illegal Motion– There are only three illegal motion penalties:
    Motion is toward opponent’s goal line
    Two players in motion at the snap (if one stops then it would be illegal shift)
    Player in motion who was on the LOS when he started and who is not 5-yards behind his LOS at the snap
  • Flags and Penalty Enforcements– During all Penalty Enforcements; leave the flag(s) on the ground until the penalty has been marched off/enforced. Multiple fouls for the same foul; match the flags, one on top of the other, this excludes Dead Ball line of scrimmage fouls.  The Back Judge should be involved in the coverage of flags.  Get in and out of Penalty Enforcements, cleanly and efficiently.


  • Inadvertent Whistles
    If during legal forward pass, snap is in flight, or during a legal kick – replay the down.
    If the ball is in player possession, that team has the choice of possession at the dead ball spot, or replay the down.
    Same two options for the team last in possession if following a backward pass, fumble or illegal forward pass or illegal kick.
    Accepted penalties take precedence over an IW


  • Eye Black & Rolled Up Pants– One single stroke under the eye.  No face paint.  Always check the back of the pants at the back of the knees.  Many times the player will roll up the back of the pant at the back of the knee so the pants will keep rising up.  When you fix during the pre-game, notice if the back is rolled up.  I learned this trick from Mater Dei in Santa Ana.  Please keep enforcing this in the pregame




2022 Week 3 Weekly Bulletin

Week 3 Bulletin

    • The Week 3 Varsity Schedule can be found here
    • Player Equipment– How are we doing?  Players and coaches seem to be understanding what we are enforcing, and the anger level seems to be decreasing.  Biggest problems I’ve seen are the pants not covering the knees, face painted symbols, and shirts untucked, sweat bands worn everywhere but on the wrist and finally those wonderful rubber bracelets.  Always, always look for this to be corrected in pre-game, but if we see legal equipment not being worn properly, or adornments like face painting, send them off for one play.  Do not warn. Report huge problems to me.
    • Visors– If you see a visor that is not clear in color, then it is illegal.  A pink or rainbow tinted visor is not legal.  Take the plain white side of your game card and place it behind the visor.  If it is clear, the card will look completely white.  If it’s tinted, the card will change in color or tint. A doctor’s note does not invalidate this requirement.
    • Sideline Interference Contact in the restricted area with a non-player is not an Unsportsmanlike Conduct Foul (UNS), it is a foul for Illegal Personal Conduct and should not be combined with a UNS that results in an ejection. Two Sideline Interference fouls against a team involving any non-players results in a disqualification of the Head Coach. Be sure to inform the Head Coach
    • Officials Observing Crews The association supports non crew officials, first year officials in particular to attend Varsity games, participate in the pregame and observe officials on the field. I’ve been told that some observing officials were commenting on spotting the ball, asking questions and then relaying the answer to others. In one instance an observer came onto the field during a skirmish. None of this behavior is acceptable. If you are dressed as an official minus the striped shirt, teams will assume you are there to evaluate the crew. If this is brought up by players or coaches, make it very clear that you are there to learn not evaluate. If you have questions, ask the crew at half time or after the game for clarification and understanding.
  • Food For Thought – 3rdand 9 at the R14-yard line with 20 seconds remaining.  K’s field goal attempt is blocked and the ball is recovered by K26 at the R20-yard line.  What is the status of the clock?  Running?  Stopped?  Whose ball? Answer in next weeks bulletin.
  • The next instructional meeting will be Sept 21st 2022 at 6:30 The meeting will be held at Los Alisos (not Old World). The topic for the meeting will be “Flanks, responsibilities, how the other members of the crew can make them better and vice versa”

    Zoom information is the same for each meeting.  To join the Zoom Meeting click on the link below or copy and paste the following link into your browser’s address bar



2022 Week 0 Weekly Bulletin

Week 0 schedule Find it here:

Keep Your Availability Current – Please keep your calendar accurate in Arbiter so the assignor doesn’t have to assign twice

Targeting, Late Hits, Unnecessary Roughness & Illegal Contact – Let’s not forget to refer to illegal contact fouls with accurate terminology. Many fouls are simply Personal Foul – Late Hit or Personal Foul – Blocking a Player Who is Clearly Out of the Play.  Targeting is taking aim, initiating contact, with the helmet, shoulder, arm, wrist or hand, above the shoulders. Spearing is taking aim and initiating contact with the crown of the helmet. And a Personal Foul – Illegal Contact is a hit or block against an opponent, including a defenseless player, that is judged excessive and/or unnecessary and which incites roughness.

Overtime The most current version of the CALIFORNIA TIEBREAKER- 25YD OVERTIME PROCEDURES can be found here All White Hats and Grey Hats should print off a copy and have it in their game bag.

Legal Uniforms and equipment – Address them in pre-game.  They do not have to be legal in warm ups, but inform them that they WILL be sent out of the game for one play once it starts.  Items to address include FACE PAINTING INCLUDING CROSSES (SYMBOLS ARE ADORNMENT), untucked shirts, jerseys tucked up under shoulder pads, knees uncovered, bandanas protruding out the back of the helmet, long skinny streamers or long belts, towels that are not solid color without any messages.  Team must use same color of towel (not yellow).  Hoodies are legal but no foul if the defender tackles him by his hoodie!

Communicating with Your Coach – If you have a complaint or question from your coach let your referee know.  One of the most frequent complaints I get from coaches is that the flanks do not communicate their concerns to the referee.  Use your radios!  This builds frustration and adds to the original issue.  By the time the referee does get to the sideline he now has to deal with an upset and frustrated coach.  There shall be two officials present for all meetings between the referee and the head coach, but only one speaks – the referee!

Sportsmanship PSA – There will be a CIF produced PSA regarding sportsmanship shown or played over the PA prior to every game. It’s incumbent upon us to enforce the sportsmanship rules diligently. We’ve done a great job in the past let’s keep it up



Bits and Pieces

How to use the website search tool – If you are searching for a particular document on our website do not go to download area or anywhere else. Click on the magnifying glass at the top of the page a white box will appear type in the document you’re looking for or a word in the document title that you’re looking for. I.E. Overtime, Mechanics. Hit enter and you will get all the results that match your search.

Pregame checklist – I have templates for each position of a pregame checklist. These are college checklists, so they need to be modified for HS, but they are very well done. I need volunteers from each position (2 or 3) to help me get these in order. The HL checklist has been modified but not finalized. To get an idea of what these look like, check the HL version here If you want to collaborate with others from your position, email me.

The idea is to print one page double sided, laminate and have it in your bag. Review the checklist day of and just prior to your game.

Quiz – I’ll be sending out a quiz under separate cover. It’s not mandatory but could bring us some good talking points for pregame, Big thanks to Don Ariosto. If you have an issue with an answer or rule reference, email me at Do not bother Don.

Arbiter Bug – The Arbiter bug has been fixed…sort of. My master shows everyone that has passed (most of you). On your personal Central Hub, it may still say failed. Do not worry about that. Arbiter is working on it.

Gear webpage A big shout out to Steve Carter for putting together this excellent document which covers all the required uniform and equipment to properly officiate a game in OCFOA. It has examples and places to get that particular piece of equipment. Please take a minute and check it out. New officials should bookmark it!